Intellectual property (IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical, literary, and artistic works; inventions; and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and related rights. Under intellectual property law, the holder of one of these abstract properties has certain exclusive rights to the creative work, commercial symbol, or invention by which it is covered.


Intellectual property rights are a bundle of exclusive rights over creations of the mind, both artistic and commercial. The former is covered by copyright laws, which protect creative works, such as books, movies, music, paintings, photographs, and software, and gives the copyright holder exclusive right to control reproduction or adaptation of such works for a certain period of time.[1]

The second category is collectively known as "industrial properties", as they are typically created and used for industrial or commercial purposes. A patent may be granted for a new, useful, and non-obvious invention and gives the patent holder a right to prevent others from practicing the invention without a license from the inventor for a certain period of time. A trademark is a distinctive sign which is used to prevent confusion among products in the marketplace.

An industrial design right protects the form of appearance, style or design of an industrial object from infringement. A trade secret is an item of non-public information concerning the commercial practices or proprietary knowledge of a business. Public disclosure of trade secrets may sometimes be illegal.

The term intellectual property denotes the specific legal rights described above, and not the intellectual work itself.

Source: Wikipedia

From India, Gurgaon
Advocate Attorney Lawyer
What does Copyright Mean ?

Copyright protects the expression of an idea. It protects the original creative works of artists, authors, and musicians from unauthorized copying and use by others. Books, music, sculpture, choreography, and jewelry design are examples of creative expression that can be copyrighted. Copyright laws encourage creativity and intellectual pursuits by allowing artists to profit from their creations.Copyright is a right of reproduction, which excludes others from reproducing literary, artistic, dramatic, musical and other works, including computer programs, photographs, recordings (audio/ visual) films and other electronically disseminated information as well as sculptures, engravings and drawings.Now in India "Computer Program" can also obtain copyright Registration "Computer Program" means a set of instructions expressed in words, codes, schemes or in any other form,including a machine readable medium, capable of causing a computer to perform a particular task or achieve a particular result.

DURATION The registration of copyright remains in force for a period of author's lifetime and for a further period of 60 years after his/her death. No renewal is needed



1) 10 specimen of the work to be applied as copyright. (4 sets of floppy discs in case of computerprogram).

2) Documentary proof of publication in India, alongwith details of Name, Nationality, age, address of the publisher and date of First publication if any.

3) General Power of Attorneyduly signed by the applicant if the applicant is other than a natural person partner or one of the Directors of the company as the case may be.

4) In case of computer program brief description of software in 200 words.

5) A copy of Memorandum & Articles of Association or copy of Partnership Deed as the case may be.

6) Author's Name, Nationality, age, address and if the author is deceased, date of death.

7) No objection Certificate from the author.

8) If the artwork is capable of being used in respect of goods, a Certificate from the Registrar of Trade Marks to the effect that No such Trade Mark is registered or application for registration Is made by a person other than the applicant.

From India , Ahmadabad
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